阳光海岸大学Assignment代写:讲班图语的人的历史

阳光海岸大学Assignment代写:讲班图语的人的历史

阳光海岸大学Assignment代写:讲班图语的人的历史

班图人的迁移是指在班图语言的各种喇叭非洲大陆的运动。在几千年的时间里,人在所有的方向迁移,携带铁器时代到非洲的许多地区。人类学家推测,班图语和班图人向东迁移,半夹杂在苏丹黑人。他们到达马达加斯加公元700年,和地区的班图目前占据包括大约有第三的非洲大陆。他们的迁移之前,大约2000年前,非洲中部和南部的侏儒和三为主的区域(续)。

在公元前第二个千年的开始,他们进入了热带雨林区,向南、向东、再到萨凡纳地区横跨刚果河。刚果和其他河流是一个重要的移民路径。又过了1500年的班图迁移整个萨凡纳地区。在这一时期,他们开始采取农业,并可能在他们的人口增长导致了一系列的其他迁移。第一个1500年的工作期间,他们迁移到非洲东部和南部。人类学家George Murdock认为,班图人迁徙开始由于其获取某些食物作物来自马来西亚。这些作物,其中包括香蕉,种植,和山药导致越来越多的村庄和更多的领土的需要。

作为班图人把铁矛和锄头使用,他们增加了他们的食物供应,从而创造更大的、更健康的人群。人口的增加无疑将额外的应变对可耕地,这是迅速排出的刀耕火种的班图农民技术。此外,移民寻求救济从撒哈拉以南的地区越来越干旱的涌入施压的班图。随着大量可用的土地向南,他们开始迁移到中部非洲沿刚果河。从那里,他们显然是沿着Zambezi,最终到达东非海岸和非洲南部,也许早在公元第三或第四世纪的迁移,其中每个最初可能只有几百人,持续了数百年。侏儒,短的棕色皮肤的人,居住在非洲中部,并最后纯粹的狩猎社会的班图人迁徙后剩下的。

阳光海岸大学Assignment代写:讲班图语的人的历史

The Bantu migration refers to the movement across the African continent of the various speakers of Bantu languages. Over several millennia, the Bantu have migrated in all directions, carrying the Iron Age into many areas of Africa. Anthropologists speculate that Bantu and semi-Bantu peoples migrated east and intermingled with Sudanese blacks. They had reached as far as Madagascar by 700 A.D., and the area the Bantu currently occupy includes approximately one- third of the African continent. Prior to their migration, approximately 2,000 years ago, the areas of central and southern Africa were dominated by the Pygmies and the San (Bushmen).

Starting in the second millennium B.C.E., they moved into the rain forest zones south and to the east, and then to the Savannah regions straddling the Congo River. The Congo and other rivers were an important path of migration. It took another 1500 years for the Bantu to migrate throughout the Savannah region. During this period they began to adopt agriculture, and possibly the growth in their populations led to a series of other migrations. During the first 1500 years C.E., they migrated to eastern and southern Africa. Anthropologist George Murdock postulates that the Bantu migration began as a result of their acquiring certain foods crops from Malaysia. These crops, which included banana, taro, and yam led to more and larger villages and the need for more territory.

As Bantus put iron spears and hoes to use, they increased their food supply, thus creating larger, healthier populations. The increase in population undoubtedly put additional strain on the available arable land, which was quickly exhausted by the slash-and-burn technique of the Bantu farmers. In addition, the influx of migrants seeking relief from the growing aridity of the Saharan regions put pressure on the Bantu. With plenty of available land southward, they began to migrate into central Africa along the Congo River. From there they apparently moved along the Zambezi and ultimately reached the eastern African coast and southern Africa, perhaps as early as the third or fourth century C.E. These migrations, each of which may originally have numbered only a few hundred people, continued over hundreds of years. The Pygmies, short brown-skinned people, inhabited central Africa, and were among the last purely hunting societies remaining after the Bantu migrations.

 

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