塔斯马尼亚代写Assignment:大西洋奴隶史

塔斯马尼亚代写Assignment:大西洋奴隶史

塔斯马尼亚代写Assignment:大西洋奴隶史

西半球的劳动力需求创造了一个被称为“三角贸易”的商业网络。三角的第二个腿从西非到美洲,这是更好的被称为中间通道。这段旅程花了大约四到六个星期。奴隶们用两种方式之一,一个紧包或松散的包包装成船。他们被放置在架子上,被锁在彼此之间,并在他们之间的空间有限。条件太差了,不肯吃,经常反抗奴隶。船上的船员试图保护奴隶的生命,希望在航程结束时能把他们的利益从他们的生命中获利。

这样一个残酷的奴隶的嘴包括工具来喂他们的撬,他们将不在海洋中生存的人。根据天气状况和疾病,死亡人数增加。在奴隶贸易开始的地方,船只特别狭窄,死亡率约为百分之五十。后来,随着条件的改善,死亡率下降到百分之五。除了在非洲人口的下降沿中通道,在西半球疾病的影响非洲死亡的速度。在加勒比海和南美洲,奴隶人口通常无法通过自然手段维持他们的数量。许多奴隶发现了热带疾病,如疟疾和黄热病。这种恶劣的卫生设施的原因是恶劣的工作环境和低标准的卫生和营养。

到第十五世纪和第十六世纪,欧洲人大胆地到撒哈拉以南非洲地区,在非洲建立了包括奴隶的商业。西半球对劳动者的需求推广奴隶贸易。沿着中间通道,非洲人被残忍地对待,他们之间的死亡是由贫穷的治疗和营养不良造成的。这一时期在历史上,种族主义是最高的,是如此影响我们的时间,急性的证据表明,这种态度仍然存在。

塔斯马尼亚代写Assignment:大西洋奴隶史

The demand for labor in the western hemisphere created a commercial network known as the triangular trade. The second leg of the triangle went from west Africa to the Americas, which is better known as the Middle passage. This journey took about four to six weeks. Slaves were packed into ships in one of two ways, a tight pack or loose pack. They were laid on shelves, chained to each other and limited in space between them. Conditions were so bad that slaves refused to eat and often revolted. The ships’ crews tried to preserve the lives of the slaves in hopes of making a profit off them at the end of the voyage.

One such cruelty included the prying open of the slaves’ mouths with tools to feed them and they tossed the ones that did not survive in the ocean. Depending on weather conditions and diseases, the death toll increased. In the beginning of the slave trade where ships were particularly cramped, the death rate was about fifty percent. Later, as conditions improved, the death rate decreased to five percent. In addition to the decline in the African population along the middle passage, diseases in the western hemisphere affected the rate of African deaths. In the Caribbean and South America, slave populations usually were unable to sustain their numbers by natural means. Many slaves caught tropical diseases such as malaria and yellow fever. The cause of this poor hygiene on the plantations was brutal working conditions and low standards of sanitation and nutrition.

By the time Europeans ventured to sub-Saharan Africa in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, commerce involving slaves was well established in Africa. The need for laborers in the western hemisphere popularized the slave trade. Along the middle passage, Africans were treated brutally and death among them was caused by poor treatment and malnutrition. This period in history where racism was at its highest, was so influential to our time, acute evidence shows that such attitude exists still today.

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