莫纳什大学代写Assignment:强制性运动疗法治疗脑卒中的健康

莫纳什大学代写Assignment:强制性运动疗法治疗脑卒中的健康

莫纳什大学代写Assignment:强制性运动疗法治疗脑卒中的健康

世界卫生组织定义了中风为“快速发展的临床症状的局灶性(或全球)的脑功能紊乱,持续超过24小时或导致死亡的症状,没有明显的原因以外的血管起源”(世卫组织1978)。

世界范围内每年有2000万的人患中风,大约有500万人被禁用。中风的发病率随着年龄的增加而迅速上升,所有的中风三分之二发生在55岁以上的老年人(umpherd DA,2001)。

由世界卫生组织(WHO)进行的一项研究,这是在2009六月公布说,脑卒中患病率约为每年每百万人口一三零,近百分之二十的心脏疾病的人很容易受到同样的。

研究还指出,中风是残疾和依赖的最常见的原因是因为中风幸存者百分之70保持职业功能受损,超过百分之30需要帮助,在他们的日常生活。为完成中风患病率为南印度;有64/100000(尔吉M,2007)。

冠心病和中风后的所有类型的癌症是全球死亡的第三种最常见的原因(Banerjee TK,2006)。脑卒中的主要危险因素有高血压、糖尿病、高脂血症和吸烟(狼等,2004)。23%至48%的中风是高血压的存在有关(cauraugh 2008)。

约85%的中风病例是缺血和大多数缺血性卒中影响大脑半球的大脑中动脉闭塞(Dahlquist 2003)。大脑中动脉供应大脑半球额叶、颞叶即整个侧面,顶叶皮质下结构(包括内囊后部),科罗娜啤酒石蒜,苍白球(外部),大多数的尾状核和壳核。大脑中动脉综合征最常见的特征是对侧偏瘫痉挛及面部感觉减退,上肢和下肢的脸和上肢比下肢更复杂。此外,根据结构涉及的病人可能会失语,知觉障碍,病感失认症、失用症和空间解体(苏珊B奥沙利文& Thomas J Schmitz,2007)。

莫纳什大学代写Assignment:强制性运动疗法治疗脑卒中的健康

The World Health Organization has defined stroke as ‘rapidly developing clinical signs of focal (or global) disturbance of cerebral function, with symptoms lasting more than 24 hours or leading to death, with no apparent cause other than that of vascular origin’ (WHO 1978).

Worldwide 20 million suffer from stroke every year and roughly 5 million are left disabled. The incidence of stroke rises rapidly with increasing age, two thirds of all stroke occur in people older than 55 (Umpherd DA, 2001).

A study carried by the World Health Organization (WHO), which was released in June 2009 says that the stroke prevalence was about one thirty per lakh population every year, and nearly twenty percent of people with cardiac disorders are susceptible to the same.

The study also points out that stroke is the most common cause of disability and dependence because 70 percent of stroke survivors remain vocationally impaired and over 30 percent need help in their daily life. The prevalence rates for completed strokes for south India; it has been 64/100,000 (Bhattacharjee M, 2007).

After coronary heart disease and cancer of all types strokes are the third commonest cause of death worldwide (Banerjee TK, 2006). Major risk factors for stroke are hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia and smoking (Wolf et al., 2004). Between 23% to 48% of strokes are related to the presence of hypertension (Cauraugh 2008).

Approximately 85% of all stroke cases are ischemic and most ischemic strokes affect one of cerebral hemispheres by occlusion of middle cerebral artery (Dahlquist 2003). Middle Cerebral Artery supplies the entire lateral aspect of cerebral hemisphere ie, frontal, temporal, parietal and subcortical structure including internal capsule (posterior portion), corona radiata, globus pallidus (outer part), most of the caudate nucleus and putamen. The most common characteristics of middle cerebral artery syndrome are contralateral spastic hemiparesis and sensory loss of the face, upper limb and lower limb with face and upper limb more involved than lower limb. Moreover depending upon the structure involved patients may get aphasia, perceptual deficits, anosognosia, apraxia and spatial disorganization (Susan B O’Sullivan & Thomas J Schmitz, 2007).

 

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