墨尔本代写assignment:不完全组织结构研究

墨尔本代写assignment:不完全组织结构研究

墨尔本代写assignment:不完全组织结构研究

“领导”这个词至少用了三种不同的方式。次­盟友是指一个组织内的一个位置,例如,“我们邀请所有的领导出席了研讨会。”“领导”也被用来描述一个个性特征,例如:“我们的新主管没有像我们以前一样多的领导能力。”

这些定义都是非常有用的在研究组织行为­或,和更好的定义是需要理解为什么有些人比其他人更有效的领导人在他。最有用的定义的领导,以及,我们将在这一章中使用,是一种行为,其中一个人影响他人。我们的队赢得冠军因为的四分卫领导。”换句话说,领导是增量影响一个人对另一个超越常规的指令机械的依从性。领导是当一个人MBO影响别人做某事自愿而不是因为他们所要求的去做或者是因为他们担心违规的后果。它强大的是这一自愿方面的领导,区别于其他影响过程,如权力和权威。

虽然领导可能会使用武力来影响追随者的行为,我们定义领导者运用自己的能力来诱导自愿­委员会。通过这个定义,组织中的任何人都可以成为一个领导者,无论这个人是否被正式确定为。事实上,非正式领导人对大多数组织的有效性是非常重要的。

一个重要的区别是由一些领导和管理之间的­彪。管理意味着直接,实现,并有责任。管理的功能,如第一章所描述的,是计划、组织、指挥和控制。成功的经理被视为一个实现结果的人,通过遵循规定的活动,并保持在规定的范围内的行为和产品。领导,然而,是激励,影响和激励。有效的领导者激励他人追求卓越,扩展自己,超越他们的执行工作的要求,通过产生创造性的想法。有人说,管理者是那些做事情的人,而领导者是做正确的事的人。“这种区别有点夸张,因为有效的领导者做了大量的管理和有效的管理者需要领导。但它强调了一个重要的组织结果:一个充满活力和高度负责的工作力的创造,成功地适应变化的环境,能够产生一个可行的产品或服务的需求

墨尔本代写assignment:不完全组织结构研究

The word “leadership’ has been used in at least three different ways. Occasion­ally it refers to a position within an organization, e.g., “We are inviting all of the leadership to attend the seminar. ‘Leadership” has also been used to describe a personality characteristic, e.g. ‘Our new supervisor doesn’t have as much leadership as our previous one.”

Neither of these definitions is very useful in studying organizational behavi­or, and a better definition is needed to understand why some individuals are at he more effective leaders than others. The most useful definition of leadership, well, and the one we will use in this chapter, is a form of behavior by which one person influences others. ‘Our team won the championship because of the leadership of the quarterback.” In other words, leadership is the incremental influence one individual exerts over another, above and beyond mechanical compliance with routine directives. Leadership occurs when one individual MBO-influences others to do something voluntarily rather than because they were the required to do it or because they feared the consequences of noncompliance. It strong is this voluntary aspect of leadership that distinguishes it from other influence processes, such as power and authority.

Although leaders may use force or coercion to influence the behavior of followers, leaders by our definition use their ability to induce voluntary com­mittee. By this definition, anyone in the organization can be a leader, whether or not that individual is formally identified as such. Indeed, informal leaders are extremely important to the effectiveness of most organizations.

An important distinction is made by some between leadership and manage­ment. To manage means to direct, to bring about to accomplish, and to have responsibility for. The functions of management, as described in chapter one, are planning, organizing, directing, and controlling. The successful manager is viewed as someone who achieves results by following the prescribed activities and by maintaining behaviors and products within prescribed limits. To lead, however, is to inspire, to influence, and to motivate. Effective leaders inspire others to pursue excellence, to extend themselves and to go beyond their perform job requirements by generating creative ideas. It has been said that managers are people who do things right and leaders are people who do the right thing.” This distinction is somewhat overstated, since effective leaders do a lot of managing and effective managers need to lead. But it serves to emphasize an important organizational outcome: the creation of an energetic and highly committed work force that is successfully adapting to the demands of a changing environment and competently producing a viable product or service

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注