布里斯班代写assignment:世界的交通

布里斯班代写assignment:世界的交通

布里斯班代写assignment:世界的交通

今天,交通运输已成为世界上最重要的问题。特别是,生活在大城市的人每天都面临着这个问题。特别是,过去的三年表明,传统的运输系统需要更换铁路系统,因为主要的问题,如快速的城市化,密集的人口增长,空气污染和能源短缺。虽然,铁路系统的成本是相当高的初投资;运行维护预算都比公路运输和航空运输系统便宜。此外,如果相比所有的交通系统的事故风险,能源消耗,交通拥堵和就业率,铁路运输总是比在这些领域的其他人有更多的优势。铁路运输是世界上最受欢迎的运输系统,其结果是,今天所有这些条件都加快了铁路运输的蔓延。这是一个重要的问题,因为铁路直接改变了社会、经济和工业的生活。

铁路系统一直以来的第一个铁路车辆包括所有无动力飞行器的创作应用。(1)根据Bonnett(2005),“早在第十六个世纪的木轮车用于矿山和采石场的纵向木材的轨道上运行,在第十八世纪末,马拉轨道车用于运送人和货物由于这些类型的车辆进行比其他人更受欢迎。(2)Freeman和阿尔德克罗夫特(1985)指出,马拉的电车用在许多欧洲城市直到第一个蒸汽动力的发动机功率的1829,被称为火箭和新的蒸汽动力引擎的设计吸引了约13000公斤,在利物浦曼彻斯特铁路线每小时22英里的速度创造了乔治·史蒂芬逊。在这项发明后,这种令人难以置信的成功不仅影响了社会生活,而且影响了经济和工业生活,工业革命的有效性在欧洲大陆扩大了。随着工业革命的进步,铁路行业已经大大增加,直到在第十九世纪的结束,事实上,人们可以很容易的工业城市之间的旅行是由于在车辆的不同类型被设计为快速执行。

布里斯班代写assignment:世界的交通

Today, transportation is becoming the most significant problem in the world. Particularly, people who live in big cities are faced with this problem every day. Especially, the last three decades show that traditional transportation systems need to be replaced by railway systems because of major problems such as fast urbanization, intensive population growth, air pollution and energy shortages. Even tough, the first investment of the railway system costs is quite overpriced; operation and maintenance budgets are less expensive than road transportation system and air carriage. Moreover, if compared to all kind of transportation systems about the risk of accidents, energy consumption, traffic congestion and employment rate, railway transportation always has more advantages than the others in these fields. Railway transport is the most popular transportation system in the world, with the result that today all these conditions have accelerated the spread of railway transport. It is an important issue because railway is changing the social, economic and industrial life directly.

Railway systems have been used since the creation of the first railway rolling stock which includes all unpowered vehicles. (1)According to Bonnett (2005), ‘as early as the sixteenth century wooden wheeled carts were used in mines and quarries running on longitudinal timber rails.’ At the end of the eighteenth century, horse drawn trams were used to conveying both people and goods owing to the fact that these types of the rolling stocks were more popular than the others. (2)Freeman and Aldcroft (1985) stated that horse drawn tramways utilized in a number of European cities until the first steam motive engine power was created by George Stephenson in 1829 which was called rocket and designing the new steam motive engine drew approximately 13,000 kg with a speed of 22 miles per hour in the Liverpool-Manchester Railway Line. After this invention, this incredible success influenced not only the social life but also economic and industrial life with the result that the industrial revolution’s effectiveness expanded in the continental Europe. With the progressive of the industrial revolution, railway industry had been increased enormously until the at the end of the nineteenth century and the fact that people could easily travel between the industrial cities is due to in the meantime different type of the rolling stocks were designed for fast carrying.

 

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