During the medieval times, authority on a micro-level was based on the feudal system. “The feudal system was characterized by principalities, dukedoms, baronies, and other such fiefdoms, which were ruled by minor royalty who provided local defence.”(Rourke, 2003:204) Under the feudal system all land within the kingdom belonged to the king. The king was at the top level of feudal hierarchy. The king gave land or fiefs to his noblemen (barons and bishops). In return for the land each noble promised to supply the king with soldiers. Noblemen divided their land among knights in return for their service as soldiers. The knights ruled over the fiefs. They rented their land to peasants who worked for them. The trained knightsÂ were bound by oath to serve the nobles who had granted them their fiefs.Â The peasants were at the bottom of the feudal tree. They farmed the land of the knights and in return were promised protection. The idea of loyalty and service was important in feudal society. Everyone owed a service to a person higher up on the feudal pyramid.