澳洲数学论文代写:数学的发展

澳洲数学论文代写:数学的发展

从1913年到1916年Noether发表了数篇论文扩展和应用希尔伯特的数学对象的方法等领域的理性的不变量函数和有限的群体。这一阶段标志着订婚的开始与抽象代数、数学领域的她会做出开创性贡献。1915年春,Noether被邀请回到哥廷根大学的大卫·希尔伯特和费利克斯·克莱恩。然而,他们的努力招募她被哲学家和历史学家的哲学教师,因为他们不相信女人能做这项工作。1915年大卫希尔伯特邀请Noether加入哥廷根数学系,挑战他的一些同事的观点,女人不应该被允许在一所大学教书。Noether离开哥廷根4月下旬,两周后,她的母亲在埃朗根突然去世。大约在同一时间Noether的父亲已经退休,她的弟弟加入了第一次世界大战德国军队在艾米丽然后回到埃朗根照顾她的父亲。在她第一年在哥廷根大学教书,她没有一个官方立场和不支付;她的家人为她支付食宿和支持她的学术工作。她的讲座常常被广告在希尔伯特的名字,和Noether将提供“援助”。后不久抵达哥廷根,她证明了她的能力证明定理现在被称为诺特定理,这表明,守恒定律与任何一个物理系统的可微的对称。

      澳洲数学论文代写:数学的发展

From 1913 to 1916 Noether published several papers extending and applying Hilbert’s methods to mathematical objects such as fields of rational functions and the invariants of finite groups. This phase marks the beginning of her engagement with abstract algebra, the field of mathematics to which she would make groundbreaking contributions. In the spring of 1915, Noether was invited to return to the University of Göttingen by David Hilbert and Felix Klein. Their effort to recruit her, however, was blocked by the philologists and historians among the philosophical faculty because they did not believe that woman could do the job. In 1915 David Hilbert invited Noether to join the Göttingen mathematics department, challenging the views of some of his colleagues that a woman should not be allowed to teach at a University. Noether left for Göttingen in late April; two weeks later her mother died suddenly in Erlangen. At about the same time Noether’s father retired and her brother joined the German Army to serve in World War I. Emily then returned to Erlangen to care for her father. During her first years teaching at Göttingen she did not have an official position and was not paid; her family paid for her room and board and supported her academic work. Her lectures often were advertised under Hilbert’s name, and Noether would provide “assistance”. Soon after arriving at Göttingen she demonstrated her capabilities by proving the theorem now known as Noether’s theorem, which shows that a conservation law is associated with any differentiable symmetry of a physical system.

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