许多慢性疾病与其他潜在健康风险因素相关联,如烟草使用、不良饮食和过度消费酒精;然而,大多数与生活实践相关联。其中包括心脏病,糖尿病,癌症,关节炎(Anderson & Kaczmarek,2004)。生活实践,比如定期做健康的食物和锻炼,可以帮助预防或慢这些疾病的进展(Anderson & Kaczmarek,2004)。而且,教育对预防和管理这些疾病也可以延长寿命,提高生活质量,最终更好地利用金融资源(Anderson & Kaczmarek,2004)。健康生活方式的改变是一个过程,保持积极的生活方式的改变往往是更加困难比的变化。个人需要指导、帮助和支持以实现这一目标。因此,国家应该更多地投资于预防。进行的一项民意调查结果显示合作抗击慢性疾病(2008),四个五个美国人喜欢保健美元用于预防措施,而不是治疗疾病。保护和促进健康和健康在这个国家应该个人和家庭的共同责任,学校系统;医疗和公共卫生人力资源;联邦、州和地方政府,和雇主。
Many chronic diseases are associated with other underlying health risk factors, such as tobacco use, poor diet and excessive consumption of alcohol; however, most are associated with lifestyle practices. Among these are heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and arthritis (Anderson & Kaczmarek, 2004). Lifestyle practices, such as making healthy food choices and exercising on a regular basis, can help prevent or slower the progression of these disease (Anderson & Kaczmarek, 2004). Along with this, education regarding prevention and management of these diseases can also prolong life, improve quality of life and ultimately better utilize financial resources (Anderson & Kaczmarek, 2004). Healthy lifestyle changes are a process and maintaining positive lifestyle changes are often more difficult than making the changes in the first place. Individuals require guidance, assistance and support in order to achieve this.As a result, the nation should invest more in prevention. According to results from a poll conducted by the Partnership to Fight Chronic Disease (2008), four out of five Americans prefer that health care dollars to be spent on preventative measures instead of treating disease. Protecting and promoting health and wellness in this nation should be a shared responsibility among individuals and families; school systems; medical and public health workforce; federal, state and local government; and employers.