政府鼓励公共卫生政策和程序,以获得一些理解的原因diseaseA,从而确保社会稳定。公共卫生的目的是改善生活在疾病的预防和治疗。公共healthA是“预防疾病的科学和艺术,通过有组织的努力延长生命、促进健康的社会。“公共卫生的定义是由唐纳德·艾奇逊爵士于1988年在英格兰报告(卫生部,2007年)。因此关注的公共卫生干预是预防而不是治疗疾病throughA surveillanceA病例和促进健康的行为。人(1975 2005)援引Verma指出,宪法的健康是一个重要的资产。的被广泛接受的定义卫生由世卫组织在1946年描述为“健康是一种完整的物理状态、心理和社会福利,而不仅仅是没有疾病或虚弱。“不过因为这个定义并不考虑主要环境污染物对人体健康的影响有了转变健康和全球承诺的概念是“最近总健康”将被描述为“健康是一种完整的物理状态、心理和社会健康生活在健康的环境没有污染的地方,而不仅仅是没有疾病或虚弱。“世卫组织的目标之一是防止糖尿病和减少并发症并且尽可能提高生活的质量。世卫组织糖尿病规划的核心功能(2010)制定规范和标准,促进监督,鼓励预防、提高认识,加强预防和控制。健康促进和疾病预防解决全国以及世界领先地位。五个关键行动领域被确定在1986年的渥太华宪章和重申曼谷健康促进宪章采用8月11日,2005年。这五个关键行动领域包括建立一个健康的公共政策,创造支持性环境,加强社区行动,发展个人技能,调整卫生服务。进一步识别和支持社区的发展项目和公共卫生单位和当地合作伙伴一起减少发展具体情况的风险,提高整体健康和幸福是由各种包括印度在内的发展中国家的政府。这些措施包括健康促进活动,公众意识节目非传染性疾病,酒精和药物滥用预防项目,心脏健康,减少烟草使用、促进身体活动和良好的营养,和项目如“最佳启动”和“保护健康的宝宝,健康的孩子,”,促进儿童的健康和福祉。
Governments have encouraged public health policies and programs in order to gain some understanding of the causes ofÂ diseaseÂ and thus ensure social stability. The goal of public health is to improve lives through the prevention and treatment of disease.Â Public healthÂ is “the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through organised efforts of society.” This definition of public health was given by Sir Donald Acheson in 1988 in England report (Department of Health, 2007). Thus focus of public health intervention is to prevent rather than treat a disease throughÂ surveillanceÂ of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviors. WHO (1975 cited by Verma 2005) points out that health is an important asset in the constitution of WHO. The widely accepted definition of health given by WHO in 1946, described as “health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity.” However since this definition does not take into consideration major impact of environmental pollutants on human health there has been a shift in the concept of health and the global commitment is towards “Total Health’ in recent past which will be described as “Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well being where life thrives in healthy environment devoid of pollutants; and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity.” One of the goals of the WHO is to prevent diabetes and to minimize complications and maximize quality of life. The core functions of the WHO Diabetes Programme (2010) are to set norms and standards, promote surveillance, encourage prevention, raise awareness and strengthen prevention and control. Health promotion and disease prevention are being addressed both nationally and internationally. Five key action areas were identified in the Ottawa Charter of 1986 and reaffirmed by the Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion adopted on August 11, 2005. These five key action areas included building a healthy public policy, create supportive environments, strengthen community action, develop personal skills and reorient health services. Further recognition and support of the development of community-based programs together with Public Health Units and local partners to reduce the risk of developing specific conditions and improve overall health and well-being is undertaken by the governments of various developing countries including India. These initiatives include health promotion activities, public awareness programmes on non-communicable diseases, alcohol and substance abuse prevention programs, heart health, tobacco use reduction, promotion of physical activity and good nutrition, and programs such as “Best Start” and “Healthy Babies, Healthy Children,” to protect and promote children’s health and well-being.