Nuclear weapons do provide the deterrent and cannot be used unless the very existence of the country is threatened. Alongside, there is the necessity to bolster the conventional capabilities. India has embarked on a modernisation and reorganisation of the conventional forces, especially incorporation revolution in military affairs. India presently enjoys considerable and growing conventional military advantage over Pakistan. Though Pakistan’s ground forces possess formidable capability to stall any conventional Indian attack, India’s concept of proactive battle group concept to fight offensively with a combined arms technique has appreciably tilted balance in India’s favour. India has attained and maintained a 3:1 high-performance aircraft numerical advantage over Pakistan; and the naval inequality is even greater. Capability gaps that favour Indian conventional military superiority over Pakistan probably will widen further over the coming years, due to India’s size, larger resource base, greater capacity for advanced military technology absorption, and wider access to arms suppliers.  While China has the largest armed forces in the world and a very large numbers of combat aircraft, armoured forces, artillery and war fighting ships, India scores over it in both quality and numbers of military hardware.  China is considerably stronger economically but India is catching up and that has its impact of the military capabilities. Chinese People’s Liberation Army believes that some Asian militaries possess weapons and forces that are qualitatively superior though quantitatively superior and American, Japanese and Indian forces figure prominently in Chinese computer war gaming and active contingency planning.